[CCNA] Шпаргалки CISCO (Cisco Commands Cheat Sheet)

Cisco Commands Cheat Sheet


Почти все устройства Cisco используют Cisco IOS для работы и Cisco CLI для управления. Основные команды CLI для всех них одинаковы, что упрощает управление устройствами Cisco. Вот шпаргалка команд Cisco, в которой описаны основные команды для настройки, обеспечения безопасности и устранения неполадок сетевых устройств Cisco.

Basic Configuration Commands



enableLogs you into enable mode, which is also known as user exec mode or privileged mode
configure terminalLogs you into configuration mode
interface fastethernet/numberEnters interface configuration mode for the specified fast ethernet interface
reloadAn exec mode command that reboots a Cisco switch or router
hostname nameSets a host name to the current Cisco network device
copy from-location to-locationAn enable mode command that copies files from one file location to another
copy running-config startup-configAn enable mode command that saves the active config, replacing the startup config when a Cisco network device initializes
copy startup-config running-configAn enable mode command that merges the startup config with the currently active config in RAM
write erase

erase startup-config

An enable mode command that deletes the startup config
ip address ip-address maskAssigns an IP address and a subnet mask

no shutdown

Used in interface configuration mode. “Shutdown” shuts down the interface, while “no shutdown” brings up the interface.
ip default-gateway ip_addressSets the default gateway on a Cisco device
show running-configAn enable mode command that displays the current configuration
description name-stringA config interface command to describe or name an interface
show running-config interface interface slot/numberAn enable mode command to display the running configuration for a specific interface
show ip interface [type number]Displays the usability status of interfaces that are configured for IP
ip name-server serverip-1 serverip-2A configure mode command that sets the IP addresses of DNS servers

Troubleshooting Commands

ping {hostname | system-address} [source source-address]Used in enable mode to diagnose basic network connectivity
speed {10 | 100 | 1000 | auto}An interface mode command that manually sets the speed to the specified value or negotiates it automatically
duplex {auto | full | half}An interface mode command that manually sets duplex to half, full or auto
cdp run

no cdp run

A configuration mode command that enables or disables Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) for the device
show mac address-tableDisplays the MAC address table
show cdpShows whether CDP is enabled globally
show cdp neighbors [detail]Lists summary information about each neighbor connected to this device; the “detail” option lists detailed information about each neighbor
show interfacesDisplays detailed information about interface status, settings and counters
show interface statusDisplays the interface line status
show interfaces switchportDisplays a large variety of configuration settings and current operational status, including VLAN trunking details.
show interfaces trunkLists information about the currently operational trunks and the VLANs supported by those trunks
show vlan

show vlan brief

Lists each VLAN and all interfaces assigned to that VLAN but does not include trunks
show vtp statusLists the current VTP status, including the current mode

Routing and VLAN Commands

ip route network-number network-mask {ip-address | interface}Sets a static route in the IP routing table
router ripEnables a Routing Information Protocol (RIP) routing process, which places you in router configuration mode
network ip-addressIn router configuration mode, associates a network with a RIP routing process
version 2In router configuration mode, configures the software to receive and send only RIP version 2 packets
no auto-summaryIn router configuration mode, disables automatic summarization
default-information originateIn router configuration mode, generates a default route into RIP
passive-interface interfaceIn router configuration mode, sets only that interface to passive RIP mode. In passive RIP mode, RIP routing updates are accepted by, but not sent out of, the specified interface.
show ip rip databaseDisplays the contents of the RIP routing database
ip nat [inside | outside]An interface configuration mode command to designate that traffic originating from or destined for the interface is subject to NAT
ip nat inside source {list{access-list-number | access-list-name}} interface type number[overload]A configuration mode command to establish dynamic source translation. Use of the “list” keyword enables you to use an ACL to identify the traffic that will be subject to NAT. The “overload” option enables the router to use one global address for many local addresses.
ip nat inside source static local-ip global-ipA configuration mode command to establish a static translation between an inside local address and an inside global address
vlanCreates a VLAN and enters VLAN configuration mode for further definitions
switchport access vlanSets the VLAN that the interface belongs to.
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1qSpecifies 802.1Q encapsulation on the trunk link.
switchport accessAssigns this port to a VLAN
vlan vlan-id [name vlan-name]Configures a specific VLAN name (1 to 32 characters)
switchport mode { access | trunk }Configures the VLAN membership mode of a port. The access port is set to access unconditionally and operates as a non-trunking, single VLAN interface that sends and receives non-encapsulated (non-tagged) frames. An access port can be assigned to only one VLAN.
The trunk port sends and receives encapsulated (tagged) frames that identify the VLAN of origination. A trunk is a point-to-point link between two switches or between a switch and a router.
switchport trunk {encapsulation { dot1q }Sets the trunk characteristics when the interface is in trunking mode. In this mode, the switch supports simultaneous tagged and untagged traffic on a port.
encapsulation dot1q vlan-idA configuration mode command that defines the matching criteria to map 802.1Q frames ingress on an interface to the appropriate service instance

DHCP Commands

ip address dhcpA configuration mode command to acquire an IP address on an interface via DHCP
ip dhcp pool nameA configuration mode command to configure a DHCP address pool on a DHCP server and enter DHCP pool configuration mode
domain-name domainUsed in DHCP pool configuration mode to specify the domain name for a DHCP client
network network-number [mask]Used in DHCP pool configuration mode to configure the network number and mask for a DHCP address pool primary or secondary subnet on a Cisco IOS DHCP server
ip dhcp excluded-address ip-address [last-ip-address]A configuration mode command to specify IP addresses that a DHCP server should not assign to DHCP clients
ip helper-address addressAn interface configuration mode command to enable forwarding of UDP broadcasts, including BOOTP, received on an interface
default-router address[address2 … address8]Used in DHCP pool configuration mode to specify the default router list for a DHCP client

Security Commands

password pass-valueLists the password that is required if the login command (with no other parameters) is configured
username name password pass-valueA global command that defines one of possibly multiple user names and associated passwords used for user authentication. It is used when the login local line configuration command has been used.
enable password pass-valueA configuration mode command that defines the password required when using the enable command
enable secret pass-valueA configuration mode command that sets this Cisco device password that is required for any user to enter enable mode
service password-encryptionA configuration mode command that directs the Cisco IOS software to encrypt the passwords, CHAP secrets, and similar data saved in its configuration file
ip domain-name nameConfigures a DNS domain name
crypto key generate rsaA configuration mode command that creates and stores (in a hidden location in flash memory) the keys that are required by SSH
transport input {telnet | ssh}Used in vty line configuration mode, defines whether Telnet or SSH access is allowed into this switch. Both values can be specified in a single command to allow both Telnet and SSH access (default settings).
access-list access-list-number {deny | permit} source [source-wildcard] [log]A configuration mode command that defines a standard IP access list
access-classRestricts incoming and outgoing connections between a particular vty (into a basic Cisco device) and the addresses in an access list
ip access-list {standard | extended} {access-list-name | access-list-number}A configuration mode command that defines an IP access list by name or number
permit source [source-wildcard]Used in ACL configuration mode to set conditions to allow a packet to pass a named IP ACL. To remove a permit condition from an ACL, use the “no” form of this command.
deny source [source-wildcard]Used in ACL configuration mode to set conditions in a named IP ACL that will deny packets. To remove a deny condition from an ACL, use the “no” form of this command.
ntp peer <ip-address>Used in global configuration mode to configure the software clock to synchronize a peer or to be synchronized by a peer
switchport port-securityUsed in interface configuration mode to enable port security on the interface
switchport port-security maximum maximumUsed in interface configuration mode to set the maximum number of secure MAC addresses on the port
switchport port-security mac-address {mac-addr | {sticky [mac-addr]}} Used in interface configuration mode to add a MAC address to the list of secure MAC addresses. The “sticky” option configures the MAC addresses as sticky on the interface.
switchport port-security violation {shutdown | restrict | protect}Used in interface configuration mode to set the action to be taken when a security violation is detected
show port security [interface interface-id]Displays information about security options configured on the interface

Monitoring and Logging Commands

logging ip addressConfigures the IP address of the host that will receive the system logging (syslog) messages
logging trap levelUsed in configuration mode to limit messages that are logged to the syslog servers based on severity. Specify the number or name of the desired severity level at which messages should be logged.
show loggingEnable mode command that displays the state of system logging (syslog) and the contents of the standard system logging buffer.
terminal monitorAn enable mode command that tells Cisco IOS to send a copy of all syslog messages, including debug messages, to the Telnet or SSH user who issues this command

Дополнительные материалы для более глубокова изучения:

Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference

CCNA Cheat Sheet

[CCNA] Шпаргалка по командам Cisco